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Thermal transport at sub-micron scales differs substantially from that at normal length scales. Physical laws for heat transfer, such as Fourier's law for heat conduction, fail when the mean free path of energy carriers becomes comparable to the length scales of interest. This occurs in modern microelectronic devices, where for example, channel dimensions, now below 100 nm in length, are comparable to the mean free path of phonons in silicon at room temperature. Research in the nanoscale thermal transport area addresses novel physics at small length and time scales and novel technologies that exploit this class of physics.
Learn more about nanoscale thermo transport from the resources available on this site, listed below.
MIT Tools for Energy Conversion and Storage
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12 Oct 2009 | Tools | Contributor(s): Jeffrey C Grossman, Joo-Hyoung Lee, Varadharajan Srinivasan, Alexander S McLeod, Lucas Wagner
Atomic-Scale Simulation Tools to Explore Energy Conversion and Storage Materials
Thermoelectric Power Factor Calculator for Nanocrystalline Composites
21 Oct 2008 | Tools | Contributor(s): Terence Musho, Greg Walker
Quantum Simulation of the Seebeck Coefficient and Electrical Conductivity in a 2D Nanocrystalline Composite Structure using Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions
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10 Jul 2008 | Tools | Contributor(s): Feifei Lian, Feifei Lian, Feifei Lian
This tool performs a self-consistent simulation of the current-voltage curve of a metallic single-wall carbon nanotube with Joule heating.
Atomistic Green\'s Function Method 1-D Atomic Chain Simulation
02 May 2007 | Tools | Contributor(s): Zhen Huang, Wei Zhang, Timothy S Fisher, Sridhar Sadasivam
Calculation of Thermal Conductance of an Atomic Chain