Carbon Nanotube Electronics: Modeling, Physics, and Applications
30 Oct 2006 | Papers | Contributor(s): Jing Guo
In recent years, significant progress in understanding the physics of carbon nanotube electronic devices and in identifying potential applications has occurred. In a nanotube, low bias transport can be nearly ballistic across distances of several hundred nanometers. Deposition of high-κ gate...
Quantum Transport for Nanostructures
17 Sep 2006 | Papers | Contributor(s): Mathieu Luisier
Nonequilibrium Green's function techniques, initiated by Schwinger and Kadanoff and Baym allow ones to study the time evolution of a many-particle quantum sys- tem. Knowing the 1-particle Green's functions of a given system, one may evaluate 1-particle quantities like carrier density or current....
Quantum transport in semiconductor nanostructures
04 Mar 2010 | Papers | Contributor(s): Tillmann Christoph Kubis
PhD thesis of Tillmann Christoph KubisThe main objective of this thesis is to theoretically predict the stationary charge and spin transport in mesoscopic semiconductor quantum devices in the presence of phonons and device imperfections. It is well known that the nonequilibrium Green's function...
Atomistic Simulation of Realistically Sized Nanodevices Using NEMO 3-D: Part I − Models and Benchmarks
14 Jan 2008 | Papers | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Shaikh S. Ahmed, Neerav Kharche, Hansang Bae, Steven Clark, Benjamin P Haley, Maxim Naumov, Hoon Ryu, Faisal Saied, marta prada, Marek Korkusinski, Timothy Boykin
Device physics and material science meet at the atomic scale of novel nanostructured semiconductors, and the distinction between new device or new material is blurred. Not only the quantum-mechanical effects in the electronic states of the device but also the granular atomistic representation of...
Atomistic Simulation of Realistically Sized Nanodevices Using NEMO 3-D—Part II: Applications
14 Jan 2008 | Papers | Contributor(s): Gerhard Klimeck, Shaikh S. Ahmed, Neerav Kharche, Marek Korkusinski, Muhammad Usman, marta prada, Timothy Boykin
In part I, the development and deployment of a general nanoelectronic modeling tool (NEMO 3-D) has been discussed. Based on the atomistic valence-force field and the sp3d5s* nearest neighbor tight-binding models, NEMO 3-D enables the computation of strain and electronic structure in...
Large-scale first principles configuration interaction calculations of optical absorption in boron clusters
07 Mar 2012 | Papers | Contributor(s): Ravindra L Shinde
We have performed systematic large-scale all-electron correlated calculations on boron clustersBn (n=2–5), to study their linear optical absorption spectra. Several possible isomers of each clus-ter were considered, and their geometries were optimized at the coupled-cluster singles...
Neutron Induced Fission Betavoltaic Battery
11 Apr 2012 | Papers | Contributor(s): Marvin Tan
A betavoltaic battery having layers of fissile radioisotopes 8, moderating material 7, beta-decaying radioisotopes 6, and semiconductor diode 4 & 5 adjacently stacked one above another, is proposed. Neutrons produced by the chain reaction in the fissile radioisotope 8 are slowed down by the...
Exploring New Channel Materials for Nanoscale CMOS
21 May 2006 | Papers | Contributor(s): Anisur Rahman
The improved transport properties of new channel materials, such as Ge and III-V semiconductors, along with new device designs, such as dual gate, tri gate or FinFETs, are expected to enhance the performance of nanoscale CMOS devices.Novel process techniques, such as ALD, high-k dielectrics, and...
Multidimensional nanoscale device modeling: the finite element method applied to the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism
31 Oct 2006 | Papers | Contributor(s): Eric Polizzi, Supriyo Datta
This work deals with the modeling and the numerical simulation of quantum transport in multidimensional open nanoscale devices. The electron transport in the device is described using the Non-Equilibrium Green's Functions (NEGF) formalism and the variational form of the problem is solved using...
Electrical Conduction through Molecules
08 Jul 2003 | Papers | Contributor(s): Ferdows Zahid, Magnus Paulsson, Supriyo Datta
In recent years, several experimental groups have reported measurements of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of individual or small numbers of molecules. Even three-terminal measurements showing evidence of transistor action has been reported using carbon nanotubes as well as...