||Abstract: Following the first demonstration of the MOSFET in 1960 at Bell Laboratories, the understanding of its intrinsic noise mechanisms quickly followed. However, as technology improved, the discovery and understanding of a host of other noise mechanisms evolved slowly over time. In this presentation, a physical understanding of both intrinsic and extrinsic noise mechanisms in an IGFET is developed. Intrinsic noise mechanisms fundamental to device operation include channel thermal noise, induced gate noise and induced substrate noise. Non-quasi-static effects that have been analytically modeled are also discussed. Extrinsic noise mechanisms manifested due to structural evolution of the MOSFET include excess channel noise, distributed gate resistance noise, distributed substrate resistance noise, bulk charge effects, substrate current super-shot noise and gate current noise. Changes in the device structure to improve the noise performance by suppressing the effects of the extrinsic noise mechanisms will also be discussed. This work has resulted in almost an order of magnitude improvement in the noise performance of these devices making them suitable for lightwave and wireless communication applications. MOSFET excess channel noise continues to be a hotly debated area of research. Current status of this understanding of MOSFET noise will also be presented.
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