By Mark Lundstrom

Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN



Published on


Book Cover: Transistors! Current leading-edge CMOS transistors are about as small as they will get. We now have a simple, clear, very physical understanding of how these devices function, but it has not yet entered our textbooks. Besides, CMOS logic transistors, power transistors are increasingly important as are III-V heterostructure transistors for high-frequency communication. Transistor reliability is also important but rarely treated in introductory textbooks.

As we begin a new era, in which making transistors smaller will no longer be a major driving force for progress, it is time to look back at what we have learned in transistor research. Today we see a need to convey as simply and clearly as possible the essential physics of the device that makes modern electronics possible. That is the goal of these lectures. This volume rearranges the familiar topics and distills the most essential among them, while adding most recent approaches which have become crucial to the discussion. To follow the lectures, readers need only a basic understanding of semiconductor physics. Familiarity with transistors and electronic circuits is helpful, but not assumed.


  • A First Look at Transistors
  • Circuits and Device Metrics
  • IV Theory: Energy Band Approach
  • IV Theory: Traditional Approach
  • Mobile Charge
  • IV Theory: The Ballistic MOSFET
  • IV Theory: Transmission Approach
  • Bulk MOSFETs
  • Power MOSFETs
  • Transistors and Semiconductor Memory
  • Heterostructure Transistors
  • Transistor Reliability

Transistors! is published by World Scientific and distributed with their permission. Copyright World Scientific Publishing Company, 2022.

Transistors! is volume 1 of the book series: New Era Electronics: A Lecture Notes Series available from World Scientific Publishing Company.


Mark Lunstrom Mark Lunstrom is known for his research on the theory, modeling, and numerical simulation of charge carrier transport in semiconductor devices — especially devices with dimensions at the nanoscale. He is guided by the belief that research and education are two sides of the same coin. His research supports his teaching, and his teaching guides his research. His four textbooks, including two published by World Scientific, are widely used by students, faculty, and working engineers. Lundstrom is the Don and Carol Scifres Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University and is the senior editor of World Scientific's Lessons from Nanoscience: A Lecture Notes Series.

He was the founding director of the Network for Computational Nanotechnology (NCN), a major initiative funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. As director of NCN, he spearheaded the creation of, which has become a global resource for nanotechnology. Lundstrom not only led this initiative, he is a major contributor. More than 500,000 individuals have viewed his seminars, tutorials, and courses on Professor Lundstrom is a Life Fellow of the IEEE and a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering "For leadership in microelectronics and nanoelectronics through research, innovative education, and unique applications of cyberinfrastructure".

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  • Mark Lundstrom (2024), "Transistors!,"

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